Asbestos and Mesothelioma

What is Asbestos?

Since most people know of Asbestos as used in insulation for many things, they begin to assume that it’s a man made product. Actually, it’s a naturally occuring metamorphic mineral found in many parts of the world. Canada has been the leading producer of asbestos for years now. It’s found in a fiber-like form, which is what makes it useful for insulation in pipes, walls and buildings. There are other uses for asbestos in addition to insulation, such as when asbestos and concrete are mixed together, a stronger form of concrete is formed, which saves on the amount of concrete needed to be used.

How Asbestos Can Lead to Mesothelioma

Since asbestos is made up of many tiny microscopic fibers, they can sometimes be released into the air when disturbed by quick movements. When there are large clumps of these tiny fibers placed together in a tight location and then adjusted, these fiber-like particles can be released into the air. The particles can also stick to clothing, and other things around our homes or workplaces. Once they are in the air, we begin to breathe in these particles unknowingly, since they are naturally easy to inhale because of their tiny lightweight size. Inside our body, they cannot be broken down or destroyed once they have entered the lungs, thus resulting in these tiny microscopic particles eating away at the mesothelium lining of our lungs, causing mesothelioma.

How to Prevent Asbestos From Contaminating Your Home

If the asbestos in your walls as insulation is in good condition, then its best to just leave it alone. There shouldn’t be any unsealed cracks or spaces from your wall to your house. If there is any, and there is also disturbed asbestos in your walls, then this means that the asbestos particles could eventually float there way out of the wall and into the air that you breathe in your home. Also, hiring the right person for the job in the first place can make sure you never have to worry. It’s never a good idea to hire a cheap company to install insulation, only to risk your life to simply a bad installation. Once you begin to notice coughing and shortness of breath or other symptoms, it’s already too late. If you are diagnosed with mesothelioma, you will need to find a doctor that specializes in this type of cancer. You will also need to a mesothelioma lawyer to get the compensation you deserve to cover medical expenses.

To repair any building that has had problems with asbestos in the air, most likely this involves hiring a trained professional to the location to remove disturbed asbestos and also seal the holes or spaces in your walls that are leading the particles into your home. There are certain types of sealants or other materials that are used to link the asbestos fibers together once again and make sure it isn’t disturbed and released into the air once again. Any pipes that have insulation around them, which contains asbestos, can be covered with any sort of protective wrap or jacket where the asbestos-filled insulation is exposed. It’s also never too late to hire someone to come inspect your home or building to make sure no asbestos has seeped through the walls into the air. Preventative maintenance is your best friend when it comes to making sure asbestos isn’t in the air you breathe.

mesothelioma and the right diet

Managing Mesothelioma with the Right Diet

Why is Nutrition Important In Regards To Mesothelioma?

Though one of the symptoms of Mesothelioma is lack of appetite, nutrition is extremely important. Fighting this disease and being successful in treatment depends on maintaining a healthy diet and weight. Proper nutrition and weight management can reduce the risk of infection, boost energy, improve mood, improve pace of recovery, and reduce the risk of treatment side effects.

Mesothelioma Safe Dieting

Knowing what to eat before, during, and after treatment is half the battle to maintain a healthy diet. A healthy diet can fuel your road to recovery and allow for the least amount of roadblocks along the way. The following is a quick outline that can help you to be in the know.

Fruits and Vegetables

The more fruits and vegetables the better. Eating a variety of brightly colored fruits and veggies keeping this portion of the food pyramid whole. Antioxidants including vitamins A, C, and E are essential in protection and restoration of your body while it recovers from Mesothelioma.

Protein

Protein helps you to boost your immune system and rebuild all the damaged tissue you create during mesothelioma treatment. The best forms of protein to eat are fish, poultry (chicken and turkey), beans, lentils, and nuts. Red meat must be limited and bacon, cold cuts, and processed meats must be avoided.

Carbohydrates

Carbs help to give your body energy while fighting mesothelioma. Your go-to carbs should be whole grain carbohydrates that include things like brown rice, and whole grain bread, pasta, and cereal. Refined grains such as white rice and white bread must be limited.

Fats

It is important to know which kinds of fat to avoid and which are beneficial. Fat intake also aids in energy production and keeping up your weight during treatment. Consume fats like olive and canola oils, nuts, avocados, and seafood. Make sure to avoid foods with trans-fat and limit your butter consumption.

Water/Hydration

Drinking plenty of water is essential during treatment of mesothelioma. With rigorous treatments, it is easy to become dehydrated. Drinking water, tea, and coffee, of course with little sugar, goes a long way. Limit the amounts of dairy and milk while also avoiding sugary drinks like sodas.

Make it Easy

To relieve some stress while trying to maintain an adequate diet, try meal prepping. Buy in bulk and cook for multiple days. Save meal portions in ready to go containers that are easy to grab and pop in the microwave. In what is already an incredibly stressful time, the last thing a person suffering from mesothelioma wants to worry about is cooking.

Foods That Aid In Recovery From Mesothelioma

Proper nutrition can also aid in the recovery process. There are foods and vitamins that can help with pain, as well as boosting energy. These foods include Fish Oil, which contains EPA and DHA that inhibit metastasis; Fiber, which prevents high insulin levels that promote cancer cell growth; Turmeric, which is a powerful anti-inflammatory with anti-cancer and mesothelioma properties; Coenzyme Q10, which may help protect the heart during chemotherapy; Grape Seed Extract, which kills cancer cells and boosts effects of doxorubicin chemotherapy; Green Tea, which acts as a strong antioxidant; and Essiac Tea, which is another strong source of antioxidants. All of these foods, vitamins, and minerals are great in aiding the recovery process that Mesothelioma brings along with it.

How Will the Alan Reinstein Ban Asbestos Now Act of 2018 Impact Workers Facing Toxic Exposure?

What is Asbestos?

Asbestos is a group of naturally occurring mineral substance that is highly toxic. Asbestos was once mixed with other materials such as cement, cloth, and plastic during construction to make materials stronger. Officially, The U.S. government recognizes six types of Asbestos including Chrysotile (white asbestos), which is the most common and can be found in roofs, ceilings, walls, and floors; Amosite (brown asbestos), which was used for cement and pipe insulation and can be found in ceiling tiles and other thermal insulation products; and Crocidolite, which was also used as an insulator in steam engines and other plastic, cement, and spray on products.

Asbestos Exposure Consequences

There are a number of diseases that are linked to the exposure to asbestos. Those diseases include lung cancer, mesothelioma cancer, ovarian cancer, and laryngeal cancer.

Lung Cancer

Lung cancer was first connected to asbestos in 1942 by the National Cancer Institute. It takes between 15 and 35 years for symptoms of asbestos-related lung cancer to develop. About four percent of all lung cancer cases in the United States are linked to asbestos.

Mesothelioma Cancer

The first connection made between asbestos and Mesothelioma was made in 1964. It is believed that Mesothelioma is almost exclusively caused by exposure to asbestos. Symptoms, which include coughing, shortness of breath, chest pain, and abdominal pain, normally take between 20 to 50 years to develop. The average lifespan of a patient with this form of cancer is 62 years. Mesothelioma has the second highest diagnosis rate among cancers that are connected to asbestos.

Ovarian Cancer

A study in 1982 has found a link between Talcum powder and a diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Talcum powders have been known to contain asbestos. Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer among women.

Laryngeal Cancer

The International Agency of Research on Cancer confirmed a connection between asbestos and laryngeal cancer in March of 2009. There is a relationship between asbestos and this form of cancer because asbestos fibers are inhaled and interact with the larynx.

Other Cancers

Other cancers that have a relationship with exposure to asbestos include Gastrointestinal cancer, Colorectal cancer, Esophageal Cancer, and Kidney cancer.

What is the Alan Reinstein Ban Asbestos Now Act of 2018?

The Alan Reinstein Ban Asbestos Now Act of 2018 is a bill that will amend the Toxic Substance Control Act to require the Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency to take action to eliminate human exposure to asbestos. This piece of legislation is an update on the current program that would include more health conditions caused by exposure to various toxins at the job site.

What is the Toxic Substance Control Act?

The Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) was put into law in 1976. The TSCA gave the EPA authority to take specific measures to assess chemical substances admixtures and protect against unreasonable risks to human health and the environment from existing chemicals. There are over 70,000 existing chemicals on the inventory list of the Toxic Substance Control Act.

When was this Bill introduced and what stage is it in?

The Alan Reinstein Ban Asbestos Now Act of 2018 was introduced on February 27, 2018. Since induction, the bill is still in the first stage of the legislative process. During this stage, the bill is being debated by the committee of Energy and Commerce and will then choose to pass it onto Senate or the House as a whole.

Who is Alan Reinstein Ban Asbestos Now Act of 2018 Impacting?

The Alan Reinstein Ban Asbestos Now Act of 2018 will affect blue-collar factory workers particularly those working in chemical plants. For example, this bill will make it easier for Hanford nuclear reservation workers to qualify for workers’ compensation. The Hanford Site was established in 1943 as part of the Manhattan Project. The Complex housed the first full-scale plutonium production reactor, creating the radioactive chemical agent for weaponry. Hanford was added to the Environmental Protection Agency’s National Priority list in 1988 and had been involved with ongoing cleaning efforts. The current proposal would cover anyone who worked on the site for at least a single eight-hour shift, including the workers involved in the cleanup. A highlight for those that support the bill is the possibility of contracting Mesothelioma from one brief exposure to asbestos while on the complex grounds.

What Might Prevent a Successful Claim?

Though a worker only needs to have worked a single eight-hour shift at the Hanford Site, there are still a few factors that can prevent a claim from being accepted. Those factors include a history of smoking, physical fitness, family medical history, and other potential toxic exposures at other job sites/locations. If this update is rejected, workers from the Hanford Site and other workers in a similar situation will face difficulties in receiving workers’ compensation benefits. If you need help with claims get in touch with a mesothelioma lawyer.

Why Are Chemical Plants So Dangerous?

From the 1940s through the 1970s, tens of thousands of American workers stepped foot in a chemical plant at some time or another. During this time-period, asbestos was considered one of the best insulators available. It was used to line high-temperature equipment such as ovens, tanks, pipes, boilers, and pumps. Asbestos was so prevalent in chemical plants, it even lined the employee’s protective gear. Even though doctors began to warn the public about the health risks connected to asbestos as early as the 1930s, owners of the chemical plants continued to use it in almost every facet of their operation. They chose to use asbestos because it was cheaper than the safer material.

Documentation of Exposure

Through the years, doctors of the companies observed and documented the pulmonary distress workers were experiencing. These employees began to seek financial restitution through a number of lawsuits and asbestos trust claims. Some of the notable chemical plants that were included in lawsuits were Dow, DuPont, Georgia Pacific, and Chevron Phillips. In a recent lawsuit against Dow, the family of a deceased worker was awarded $9 million when they verified the worker died from exposure to asbestos while working for the company.

Understanding and Coping with Mesothelioma

Understanding Mesothelioma

What is Mesothelioma? Mesothelioma at a quick glance is a rare, asbestos-related cancer that forms on the thin protective tissues that cover the lungs and abdomen. There are three forms of this type of cancer and they include Pleural Mesothelioma, Peritoneal Mesothelioma, and Pericardial Mesothelioma. Notable occupations at risk include veterans, construction workers, shipyard workers, and chemical plant workers. Symptoms can include shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, pain in chest and abdomen, and fatigue. Possible treatments for this disease include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and palliative care. According to a 2017 report, there are still roughly 3,000 new cases of mesothelioma in the United States each year. Nearly 75% of people diagnosed with this disease are men, at least 40% of which served in 45the military.

Ways to Cope with the Symptoms of Mesothelioma

There are numerous ways to handle and cope with the symptoms that mesothelioma brings with it. One beneficial way to cope is with a healthy diet. The following are dietary tips to better cope with the disease and treatment:

 

Dehydration Consume food with high water content, avoid alcohol and caffeine. Increase fluid intake.
Nausea Bland foods such as rice and toast can help absorb stomach acid. Avoid strong smelling foods.
Fatigue Increase caloric intake to supply the body with more energy
Vomiting Avoid fried or sugary foods, as well as spicy food
Diarrhea Avoid greasy, fatty or fried foods, raw vegetables, strong spices, alcohol and caffeine

 

Finding Support

There are multiple outlets to seek support for living with a challenge. There are people just like you that have fought the same battles you will be fighting. Being part of a Mesothelioma support group will allow you to vent to people who know what you are going through, ask questions to professionals and patients, and receive advice you do not even know you need yet.

Organizations offering help

There are nonprofit organizations that were solely founded to help with things like finances and travel. On the financial side of things, organizations like the Cancer Financial Assistance Coalition (www.cancerfac.org) and the Partnership for Prescription Assistance (www.pparx.org) assist families that cannot afford the cost of their medications. An additional resource is CancerCare’s A Helping Hand (www.cancercare.org/helpinghand). CancerCare’s has a searchable database that will provide resources for financial and practical assistance. There are also organizations, such as, Hope Lodge of the American Cancer Society and the National Association of Hospital Hospitality Houses (www.nahhh.org), that provide temporary lodging for families and patients that have to travel far from their homes to receive proper treatment. The organization that specializes in Mesothelioma resources is the Mesothelioma Applied Research Foundation.

Quick Tips from Mesothelioma Survivors

Patients diagnosed with mesothelioma have found many ways to cope and treat the disease that changed their life. Some survivors have turned to herbal remedies like drinking tea made from Moringa leaves, which are known to contain anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory properties. Others have turned to a simple change in diet and regular exercise routine to complement their treatments.

Surgical Palliative Care for Mesothelioma

What Is Palliative care?

Palliative care is support for a patient that is aimed to treat and relieve symptoms and improve the overall quality of life for the patient. This differs from hospice care because hospice care concentrates on pain management at the end of the patient’s life. Though palliative care was thought to only benefit late stage mesothelioma patients, recent studies have shown positive results starting care as early as post-surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. In 2016, the most common issues addressed in this type of care include pain, weakness, difficulty breathing, reduced appetite, and poor well-being.

Surgical Options

For patients that are diagnosed with Pleural mesothelioma, there are two different palliative procedure options available. Those two options include a pleurodesis and a thoracentesis. Both operations remove fluid through a tube and relieve pressure on the lungs. Along with fluid removal, a pleurodesis eliminates the available space in the lungs where fluid can build up by using a talc-like substance to fill up space. This is a more permanent fix to the problem. Pleurodesis differs from thoracentesis because thoracentesis only involves the removal of the fluid and is normally used for patients in the later stages of mesothelioma. As a result of both surgeries, coughing should become less frequent and breathing should become easier.

Who Qualifies for Pleurodesis?

All patients do not qualify for the same treatments. This is why it is so important to be diagnosed early on instead of when symptoms arise. Patients do not qualify for a pleurodesis if their mesothelioma is in the later stages. If the patient has a trapped lung, not allowing the surgeon to get in between the two layers of pleural lining, this procedure will not be effective. Normally, the patient must be in overall good health with mesothelioma that has not yet spread to other areas of the chest or abdomen. Patients with a relatively shorter life expectancy will not be recommended for this surgery due to the hospital stay and discomfort involved in the post-surgery recovery.

Types of Pleurodesis

There are two different types of pleurodesis procedures. Those types are chemical pleurodesis and mechanical pleurodesis. The chemical procedure uses talc powder which is a medical grade, sterile, asbestos-free clay mineral. The talc is inserted into the pleura using thoracoscopy tools. The mechanical procedure is the process of fusing the two layers of the pleura together by irritating them with a rough pad or gauze. The mechanical procedure is more invasive but has been reported by a study in 2015 to be greater in symptom relief.

Risks and Complications

Though complications are rare when addressing surgical palliative care, there are still a few risks. The most common complication is a collapsed lung, occurring only when the surgeon mistakenly punctures a lung or disturbs an accumulation of air in the pleural cavity. Other complications may include bleeding, pain, infection, Diaphragm injury, laceration of spleen or liver, or tumor seeding. Tumor seeding is an invasion of cancer cells along the needle track.